Unarmed Security Guard Training in West Virginia

March 28, 2013

A license is required to work as a security guard in West Virginia if you want to work as a sole proprietor, providing security guard services under your own name. Your are exempt from licensing if you are;

  • employed exclusively and regularly by only one employer in connection with that employer’s affairs
  • employed by one or more licensed security guard firms

Licensing is handled by the West Virginia Secretary of State. Before you can get licensed you must meet the following requirements.


  • Be at least 18 years of age.
  • United States citizen or resident alien.
  • Good moral character.
  • Mentally and emotionally stable.
  • No drug or alcohol dependencies.
  • No disqualifying felonies or criminal convictions.
  • Complete 18 hours of basic training.


Training may include:

  • Role of Private Security
  • Legal Aspects
  • Patrol and Observation
  • Incident Response
  • Surveillance operation and documentation
  • Working with and addressing the public
  • First Aid


The license must be renewed annually.

Application process

Working as an employee for a licensed private security guard company requires you to gain employment with said company.

Applying for a license as a sole proprietor requires that you complete an application form. In addition you should make sure you have the following on hand:

  • An official West Virginia fingerprint card.
  • 2 recent passport style color photographs.
  • Completed surety bond form.
  • 5 character references from citizens who have known you for at least 5 years.
  • Copies of documents proving adequate training

The application must be submitted to the Secretary of State Licensing Division.


There is a $150 licensing fee for West Virginia residents and a $550 licensing fee for non-West Virginia residents. $50 of this fee is non-refundable in case your application is denied.


WVSOS: homepage
WVSOS: Security Guard Licensing
WVSOS: Eligibility & Requirements

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